P.O. Box 48358, Bentall Centre
Vancouver, BC V7X 1A1
Vol. 103 No. 43
Gerry Glazier, President
Gabby Dickert, Secretary

Dr. Daniel Kalla, author, ER Physician St. Paul's Hospital
"Lost Immunity" -- the risks of vaccine hesitancy

Daniel’s novel, Lost Immunity, is a cautionary tale about vaccine hesitancy! No other medical advance has ever engendered such myth, hysteria and passion. Emotion often supplants reason. But could the divide between the pro and anti-vax camps lead to murder?”
Born, raised, and still residing in Vancouver, Daniel has been worked as an ER Physician at St. Paul’s Hospital for the past twenty years. He is also the author of twelve published novels, which have been translated into thirteen languages. Two of his novels have been optioned for film, and his Shanghai trilogy is being developed for a TV series. In his twelfth novel, LOST IMMUNITY, Daniel tackles the issue of vaccine hesitancy and the potential impact on a global outbreak, applying his real-life experience working on the frontlines through the COVID pandemic.

Daniel received his B.Sc. and MD from the University of British Columbia, where he is now a clinical associate professor. He is the proud father of two girls and a poorly behaved but lovable mutt, Milo.

Bala Naidoo, Past District 5040 Governor
Why Rotary Central?  How to work it to your advantage?

As District Governor, Bala Naidoo initiated the usage of Rotary Club Central to create a “bottom up approach” to arriving at a Club and District Annual plan. He believes that what gets measured gets done and this helps each successive  DG & Club President create a living plan to help their Leadership Teams operate in a synchronized way moving forward!
Bala has been a Rotarian for 28 years and was two times President of the The Burnaby Metrotown Rotary Club. His wife, Vasi, is a Rotarian in the Semiamhoo Rotary Club in District 5050 where they live in White Rock.
Bala & Vasi were born in South Africa, whose ancestors came as indentured laborers from South India in the 1840’s. They have three children and one grand-daughter, enjoy travelling and now wish to experience the world through Rotary related travel and global projects. Bala loves to adopt, and adapt to, change by exploring new possibilities of Growing Rotary to become more relevant in each of our Communities.
Some of the Rotary roles Bala has filled: Assistant Rotary Coordinator Zone 28, D 5040 Strategic Planning Committee member, D 5040 District Governor 2019-20, and D 5040 Assistant Governor for the Burnaby-New Westminster area.
Bala's career spans 32 years with IG Wealth Management in various Senior Leadership roles. The Naidoo Wealth Management Team now focuses on helping Rotarians plan their legacy by utilizing unique tax strategies to benefit themselves;  their families; and The Rotary Foundation.

Club Day - focus on International



Our club, RCoV, and our Community Service Committee have been approached by the Mayor of Vancouver, Mr. Stewart Kennedy, and his colleagues in the greater Vancouver area to help support a fundraising drive for the Greater Vancouver Food Bank.
"Throughout the month of May, the Mayors of the Cities of Vancouver, Burnaby, North Vancouver and New Westminster and the Mayor of the District of North Vancouver have come together for the Mayors’ Food Bank Challenge. It is, simply, a fundraising initiative to help the Greater Vancouver Food Bank (GVFB) feed our residents. In BC, 26% of businesses laid off 50% or more of their employees due to COVID-19.  These are people who were employed only weeks before but suddenly, by no fault of their own, found themselves without work. These are statistics that we are not proud of but they are a reality that you and I can do something about.
The Greater Vancouver Food Bank was established in 1983 as temporary relief for a hunger crisis.  Unfortunately, the need for food security relief has never been eliminated. Today, the GVFB serves approximately 8,500 people each month through direct distribution. Nearly 100 Community Partners receive food from the GVFB to support more than 14,000 visits from hungry people each month. 24% of the people we support are children, and 18% are seniors. The children receive specialized nutrition programs designed to meet the specific needs of growing brains and bodies. We are also developing a Seniors’ Program for a Summer launch."
The total goal is to raise $500,000. As of May 13th, $132,236 has been received, 26% of the total goal. Within Rotary, we would like to set a fundraising goal for the Rotary Clubs in and around Vancouver of $10,000. The RCoV Community Service Committee has committed $3,000 to the cause. Would you like to contribute yourself? If so, please let Carolyn know the amount you'd like to donate.
One suggestion received: for those who are used to paying quarterly meal fees, donate that. But of course, any amount, small or large, will make a difference. Because of the food bank's network of suppliers and ability to buy in large quantities, their buying power is, in general, about two to one. This is one initiative that will make a huge difference to a lot of people in need.
Thank you.
Gerry Glazier
Upcoming Events
please click on the titles for more info for specific events
Public Image committee meeting (contact
virtual ZOOM meeting
Jun 11, 2021 10:00 AM
Youth Service Committee meeting (contact
Jun 15, 2021
11:00 AM - 12:00 PM
International Service Committee meeting (contact
virtual ZOOM meeting
Jun 17, 2021 7:15 PM
Food on the Corner
Jun 19, 2021 11:00 AM
Investment Club (contact Chair for updates on meeting dates)
Jun 24, 2021 6:00 PM
Public Image committee meeting (contact
virtual ZOOM meeting
Jun 25, 2021 10:00 AM
Membership Committee Meeting (contact
virtual ZOOM meeting
Jun 29, 2021 8:30 AM
Public Image committee meeting (contact
virtual ZOOM meeting
Jul 09, 2021 10:00 AM
Community Service Committee meeting (contact
Jul 13, 2021 1:15 PM
International Service Committee meeting (contact
virtual ZOOM meeting
Jul 15, 2021 7:15 PM
Food on the Corner
Jul 17, 2021 11:00 AM
Public Image committee meeting (contact
virtual ZOOM meeting
Jul 23, 2021 10:00 AM
View entire list


Brian Gusko May 11th
Anne Lippert May 15th
at our Club
Justin Emilio 3 years
Mindy Tulsi & Steve Ingram
25 years May 17th
Jack & Donna Lee Zaleski
33 years May 14th

Last Meeting May 4th, 2021

Gerry Glazier, President, chaired the meeting.
Gabby Dickert, Secretary, hosted the meeting via ZOOM & introduced guests.
Miya Otake played O Canada on the harp via video.
President’s Announcements:
  • Welcome to our guests, new and returning, as well as our own members who have taken the time out of their busy lives to be with us today. Thank you for joining us.
  • Hard to believe that we are in May already and the last Board meeting was my 2nd to last as club President. Here’s an update from that meeting demonstrating that our service committees continue their important and valued work:
    • Funding requests that were approved:
      1. Children’s Heart Network, $2,400 for Hearts of Gold Youth Group kit supplies.
      2. Aunt Leah’s Independent Lifeskills Society, $7,500 supporting their SEFFY program (Supporting Education for Foster Youth). Aunt Leah’s provides support for youth coming out of foster care.
      3. WASH (Water Sanitation & Hygiene) Menkeo in the DR Congo, USD$25,100 for well drilling. Caveat being that it will be payable once potable water is available on site.
      4. WASH Bulindo in Uganda. Approved up to US$7,500 for to provide water and sanitation for a primary school and the adjacent village. Exact amount will be known once other District 5040 clubs have made their commitments.
      5. The annual Bill Richwa Award of $300 payable to the Rotaractor award recipient. This is an award recognizing a Rotaractor that exhibits exemplary Rotary values. Last year the award was split for two recipients.
      6. Vancouver School Board, Norquay Elementary & Britannia Community Elementary, $530 for dictionaries. Promoting literacy amongst our community’s youth.
  • Strat plan meeting, the 2nd of 4 to be on Wed May 12th at 7:00. We received nice feedback from those who attended the first session, looking forward to the next one. If you are interested in attending, contact Wayne Fraser and/or Gabby Dickert.
Secretary's announcements:
  • reminders of upcoming events/meetings (see above)
  • birthdays, member club anniversaries, wedding anniversaries (see above)
Special announcements & Members' Moments:
  • Wayne Fraser re the club's strategy planning:  The sessions are starting this week. They are compiling the survey responses, all of which will be considered during planning. Thank you to all who filled out the survey.
  • Nathan Hesketh, our club's liaison with the RC Van Sunrise Hoop-a-thon organizing committee:  even with COVID-19 restrictions they have managed to raise more than the target amount of $35K. So far they have over $40K. This is only because of you, who have donated and of course Gary Chomyn and Ron Suzuki of RC Van Sunrise who have put in a so much time and effort to keep this event going year-to-year despite the challenges they faced.

    A special thank you to Nathan for the work he has done on behalf of our club with the hoop-a-thon.
  • Rotaract hoodies available, $35. Great for camping, relaxing, gift giving. Contact Gabby if interested.
  • Rotarian face masks still available, $10 each. Contact Gabby or Carolyn to order.
Bill Schultz introduced our speaker, Dr. Peter Bobrowsky, whom he met on a 30 day cruise Feb-Mar last year. During sea days, Peter hosted some very interesting talks on the ship. He has almost 500 publications under his name. One being the landslide handbook, translated in a number of languages, to help those who are most affected by landslides around the globe. In the past 20+ years has delivered 100s of presentations.
The subject: Hunting great earthquakes and paleo-tsunamis. These natural events have occurred back to time immemorial as demonstrated by the earthquake mask, held at the Museum of Paleontology. Written records only go back to the time of western occupation. Prior to that the knowledge was passed down orally.
Dr. Brobowsky spoke from a geological perspective. What are known as great earthquakes are those in the Mw 8 to 9 range. These earthquakes generate catastrophic and far reaching tsunamis. The last great earthquake in B.C. was in 1700 AD. It is known that the average return period is about 300 years.
The next “big one” is expected to have an approximate 1,000 km rupture, measuring the Mw 9 range. Shaking can be expected to last for 3-5 minutes that will impact a vast region on the southwest portion of BC and the pacific northwest of the US. A large tsunami will be created that will travel across the Pacific. Aftershocks can be expected for months perhaps years after the initial quake.
By examining soil samples at more than 50 undersea sites between Washington, Oregon, and California, scientists are able to estimate the magnitude and timing of 40 major earthquakes that occurred in the Cascadia Subduction Zone since 9845 B.C. The average time between earthquakes in this zone is between 250 and 400 years.
There are quite accurate records from the 1700 A.D. Cascadia earthquake thanks to rice storage records in Japan that have been used with a back calculation of tsunami travel speeds, providing an exact date and time of the event: January 26, 1700 at 9:00 PST.
Looking back at the 1964 tsunami, maximum heights above sea level have been determined. The outer coast of Vancouver Island received the highest levels (1-15+ metres) with the highest being at the heads of inlets. Around the lower portion of the Island (Victoria), it is considered medium (1-6 metres). Along the east coast of Vancouver Island and on to the mainland over the Strait of Georgia, it is expected low (<2 metres).
Evidence is left behind after a major event that allows scientists to gather information very accurately about the event. The layers of earth beneath lakes, in forests, etc. show distinct layers: before the earthquake, during the earthquake, tsunami, post earthquake, and then years after.
The Juan de Fuca Plate is butted against the North American Plate. There are many, many annual earthquakes in Canada. There are about 4,000 of these events in western Canada – BC, Alberta and up into the Yukon. On the island alone there are about 900 per year.
The average annual global earthquake frequency varies according to magnitude – level 2.5 170,000 occurrences per year, M 3 60,000, M 4 7,500, M 5 950, M 6 120, M 7 18, and M 8 and above 1.
Large earthquakes have been seen along a linear pattern off the coast. Crustal or shallow earthquakes 30-60 km down are fairly widespread in south western BC and pacific northwest US. In BC there are magnitude 1-2 earthquakes all day long. They are so small we can’t feel or measure them. There are others that occur deeper down, in different locations than the shallow one.
Magnitude – what does it mean? As the number gets bigger the energy released increases. The strength of ground shaking, duration, and area impacted increases very quickly. For every magnitude unit, ground shaking increases 10 times. For every magnitude unit, energy released increases 32 times. The duration of shaking ranges from a few seconds (for a M 4) to several minutes (M 9). Once beyond M 9 its too difficult to measure anything precisely.
The amount of energy released increases with magnitude:
  • M5 = 20,000,000 grams of TNT = a small atomic bomb
  • M6 = 600,000,000 grams of TNT = a hydrogen bomb, similar to the bomb dropped on Hiroshima
  • M7 = 20 billion = 30 hydrogen bombs
  • M8 = 600 billion = 1,000 hydrogen bombs
  • M9 = 20 trillion = 30,000 hydrogen bombs, or enough energy to boil 10,000 litres of water for every person on earth.
The earth’s crust is very thin. There is a continental crust and an oceanic crust. All of the crust is broken into various parts. When earthquakes are plotted over several decades, patterns emerge. From that pattern plate tectonics can be determined. Where these plates touch each other, friction occurs. About a dozen large pieces. Sometimes the plates move away from each other, and sometimes the push against one another. When they push against each other is when mountains are grown.
The Juan de Fuca Plate moves about 2 inches per year. In BC we have a bulge forming parallel and on part of Vancouver Island. Part of the island is going up. As the two plates meet, they are stuck. When they eventually release the land will drop.
Little bursts of pressure release some of the energy off every decade. Every plate boundary has a different cycle. Ours is about 300 years, others are 1,000. How they move, e.g., side-by-side versus frontal, and the size of the plates varies this as well.
When plotted on a map, earthquake activity corresponds with the pacific rim of fire, as well as the subduction zones where one plate slides under another. Anything larger than magnitude 8 is considered a great earthquake. The 4 largest we know of:
  • 1960, Valdivia, Chile, M9.5 earthquake
  • 1964, Prince William Sound, Alaska, M9.2 earthquake
  • 2004, Sumatra, Indonesia, M9.1 earthquake
  • 2011, Sendai, Japan, M9.0 earthquake
The 1964 Alaska earthquake event cost several millions of damages and 146 deaths. One of the things they realized after the event, was that there were large swaths of land above water. Also noticed other areas were flooded. The land stayed under water. Forests that were flooded died. A couple of geologists and physicists explained what occurred – strain accumulation; oceanic plate pushes against the land mass. Similar action as that of a carpet that is being moved. Thrust rupture – edge of land pushes up and a ridge beyond it sinks down. Over time it all recurs.
Near Tofino and down the coast they were able to determine exactly what happened for past events. When excavated, they found paleo soil layer, tsunami deposit, then modern soil. Carbon dating shows that the events happen every few thousand of years. Can see many of these events have happened over the centuries.
Drowned or sunken forests are a great signpost for the events. Lakes provide great examples, near the ocean, of tsunami activity over time. More recently work has been done along the BC coast into Alaska working with the Coast Guard taking core samples from the side of a ship. When looked at can see the bands of under water landslides. With all this info can map out what occurs. Modelling shows how a tsunami moves.
There is concern about when it will it happen again. On average there are 250-400 years apart. Our last one occurred about 350 years ago, so theory is that we should be prepared for another mega event at anytime over the next 50 years. Vancouver Island and Pacific Northwest will be hardest hit. There are a lot of great resources to ensure you are prepared.
Where are the most vulnerable areas, e.g., Richmond? Part of the issue is knowing what areas are below sea level, then could be affected by water intrusion or the shaking damage occurring is dependent on the type of ground its on. Solid rock is the safest. The type of building also affects this – wood is more pliable than brick. The design and structure of the building on our west coast takes all of this into account.
Preparedness is key – make sure water tanks are strapped. Make sure that the home is drilled into the foundation. With regards to a tsunami, modellers have done a great job. Height will be about 1 metre in Vancouver, 2 metres in Victoria. Port Alberni probably the worst – last one was 25 feet in 1964. They do have very good emergency plans in place.
The high rises in Vancouver what can they withstand? Usually about 7-7.5. What will probably happen is that when we see a few minutes of shaking the glass and facades will crumble, even if the buildings survive. Be sure to get out of the streets.
Lots of good resources available to us for preparation.
Meeting adjourned with a toast to the beautiful spring weather for all of us to enjoy.

June 11, 2021


Gerry Glazier, President   Gabby Dickert, Secretary